Center for Engineered Materials and Manufacturing (CEMM)


Our Projects

CEMM has an outsized role in the development of additive manufacturing techniques and technologies to create structural and functional materials for applications ranging from defense to energy, infrastructure, medicine and beyond. The center leverages knowledge from across disciplines to be a pathfinder in all areas of the field: tools and process development, materials synthesis and processing, architecture design and optimization and characterization of product properties.

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Engineer Xiaoyu "Rayne" Zheng studies a macroscale version of the unit cell

Ultralight, Ultrastiff Materials

CEMM researchers are printing aerogel-like materials that can withstand up to 160,000 times their own weight while maintaining a nearly constant stiffness per unit mass density. These materials could have a profound impact on the aerospace and automotive industries, as well as other applications where lightweight, high-stiffness and high-strength materials are needed. Read more coverage

The tailored glass by direct ink writing technique preserves fine features while exercising free-form flexibility, as in this 3D-printed helical glass structure.

3D-Printed Optical Glass

CEMM can print transparent glass with a controlled composition and tunable optical, thermal, and mechanical properties. The materials—which are printed at room temperature to prevent residual stress and cracking— exhibit structure and compositional gradients that were previously thought impossible and open the door to a new generation of optical materials. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background

Field-Response Mechanical Metamaterials

While researchers can fabricate materials with a wide range of mechanical properties that don’t exist in nature, those properties are static, so the team considers a metamaterial that can quickly adapt its properties in response to an external stimulus as the next evolution. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background

Energy Absorption Materials and 3D-Printed Foams

CEMM’s cushioning materials can absorb energy at a tunable level and overcome the performance limitations of cellular materials, gels, and traditional forms while being more uniform, consistent, and durable. As an improved alternative to traditional foam structures, CEMM’s 3D-printed materials have controlled, uniform structures and have proven to better retain their mechanical and structural characteristics.  Read more coverage

Catalytic materials

Catalytic Materials

At high current densities, alkaline water electrolysis generates gas bubbles that can get stuck in the pores of Nickel electrodes and block active sites for catalysts. To solve this problem, CEMM researchers developed and additively manufactured Ni electrodes with periodic structures that facilitates bubble transport and release, which prevents them from getting trapped and makes the process more efficient. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background

Cellular Fluidics

Inspired by the way plants absorb and distribute water and nutrients, CEMM researchers developed a groundbreaking method for transporting liquids and gases using 3D-printed lattice design and capillary action phenomena. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background

Next-Generation Lightweight Supercapacitors

CEMM researchers have successfully 3D-printed supercapacitors using an ultra-lightweight graphene aerogel, opening the door to novel, unconstrained designs of highly efficient energy storage systems for smartphones, wearables, implantable devices, electric cars and wireless sensors. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background


For the first time, CEMM was able to print bacterial biofilms using projection microstereolithography. The printed biofilms allow researchers to make complex structured cultures of microbes in a controlled and reproducible way, opening the door to new studies on microbial behavior and environmental response, as well as advances in biotechnology and environmental remediation. Read more coverage

A 3D-printed hierarchical lattice glows lavender against a dark background

An Electronic Injury Response System

CEMM designed and printed a piece of artificial skin mechanically mimic the body’s injury response and healing process. Using a combination of uses memristors, LEDs and a triboelectric generator, the device can sense pain, show signs of injury and eventually heal the way real skin does. Read more coverage

Deformable materials

Deformable Materials

These printed materials deform under external stimuli like temperature, light, magnetism and radiation and return to their original state over time or under different conditions. Researchers can program the original and the deformed shape and use them to induce functional changes in a device. The materials are easy to process, lightweight and inexpensive compared to their metal counterparts and exhibit unique mechanical properties. Read more coverage

Multiscale metallic metamaterials

Multiscale Metallic Metamaterials

CEMM engineers have achieved unprecedented scalability in 3D-printed architectures of arbitrary geometry, opening the door to super-strong, ultra-lightweight and flexible metallic materials for the aerospace and automotive industries. Read more coverage

Negative thermal expansion materials

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials

CEMM researchers helped develop a new class of metamaterials that are designed to contract instead of expand when exposed to heat. In addition, the materials can be "tuned" to shrink over a large range of temperatures by varying the thermal expansion coefficient difference between constituent beams and geometrical arrangements. Read more coverage

Stiff isotropic lattices beyond the Maxwell Criterion

Stiff Isotropic Lattices Beyond the Maxwell Criterion

CEMM researchers have looked beyond the conventional wisdom and designed stable microstructures using anisotropic lattices—mechanical trusses that are not equilibrium.  Read more coverage

Hierarchically nanoporous materials

Hierarchically Nanoporous Materials

CEMM researchers were the first to additively manufacture nanoporous structures with controllable properties across scales. These materials have shown greatly improved mass transport and reaction rate for liquids and gases, and demonstrated the ability to control the integration of nanopores in the dealloying process. Read more coverage

structure and composition in printed multimaterials

Spatial Control of Structure and Composition in Printed Multimaterials

CEMM researchers use a two-step curing process to spatially control the structure and composition of composite materials during printing.  Read more coverage

Advancing Research

Despite its relative newness as a center, CEMM's groundbreaking work in additive manufacturing has produced materials with properties previously thought unfeasible or impractical. Our publication record speaks to the degree to which our team has pioneered the field and worked collaboratively with colleagues across academia, the national laboratory complex, and industry.

Xia, Xiaoxing, Christopher M. Spadaccini, and Julia R. Greer. "Responsive materials architected in space and time." Nature Reviews Materials (2022): 1-19.

Melchert, Drew S., et al. "Anisotropic Thermally Conductive Composites Enabled by Acoustophoresis and Stereolithography." Advanced Functional Materials (2022): 2201687.

Wang, Shanwen, et al. "Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 to Alcohols: Current Understanding, Progress, and Challenges." Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research 3.1 (2022): 2100131.

Spatially Controlled 3D Printing of Dual-Curing Urethane Elastomers

Lamaison, Sarah, et al. "Designing a Zn–Ag catalyst matrix and electrolyzer system for CO2 conversion to CO and beyond." Advanced Materials 34.1 (2022): 2103963.

Wakerley, David, et al. "Gas diffusion electrodes, reactor designs and key metrics of low-temperature CO2 electrolysers." Nature Energy 7.2 (2022): 130-143.

Howell, Brian M., et al. "Spatially Controlled 3D Printing of Dual‐Curing Urethane Elastomers." Advanced Materials Technologies 7.3 (2022): 2100700

Xu, Xiaojie, et al. "A Bioinspired Artificial Injury Response System Based on a Robust Polymer Memristor to Mimic a Sense of Pain, Sign of Injury, and Healing." Advanced Science (2022): 2200629

Rodriguez, Nicholas A., et al. "Use of wire grid polarizers with liquid crystal display for large-volume stereolithography." Additive Manufacturing 52 (2022): 102641.

Ford, Michael J., et al. "3D Printing of Transparent Silicone Elastomers." Advanced Materials Technologies 7.5 (2022): 2100974.

Lin, Yi‐Rung, et al. "Vapor‐Fed Electrolyzers for Carbon Dioxide Reduction Using Tandem Electrocatalysts: Cuprous Oxide Coupled with Nickel‐Coordinated Nitrogen‐Doped Carbon." Advanced Functional Materials (2022): 2113252.

Volumetric additive manufacturing of silica glass with microscale computed axial lithography.

Toombs, Joseph T., et al. "Volumetric additive manufacturing of silica glass with microscale computed axial lithography." Science 376.6590 (2022): 308-312.

Lin, Tiras Y., et al. "Topology optimization of 3D flow fields for flow batteries." Journal of The Electrochemical Society 169.5 (2022): 050540.

Karnes, John J., et al. "A Hybrid Quantum–Classical Study of Ion Adsorption at the Copper Electrode." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2022).

Loeb, Colin K., et al. "Hierarchical 3D Printed Porous Silicones with Porosity Derived from Printed Architecture and Silicone-Shell Microballoons." Additive Manufacturing 55 (2022): 102837.

3D Printing of Transparent Silicon Elastometers. Advanced Materials Technologies 7.5

Ford, Michael J., et al “3D Printing of Transparent Silicon Elastometers. Advanced Materials Technologies 7.5” (2022): 2100974

Sullivan, Ian, et al. "3D Printed Nickel–Molybdenum-Based Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution at Low Overpotentials in a Flow-Through Configuration." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13.17 (2021): 20260-20268.

Melchert, Drew S., et al. "Modeling meso-and microstructure in materials patterned with acoustic focusing." Materials & Design 202 (2021): 109512.

Zhu, Yifan, et al. "Systematic Design and Experimental Demonstration of Transmission‐Type Multiplexed Acoustic Metaholograms." Advanced Functional Materials 31.27 (2021): 2101947.

Wicks, Joshua, et al. "3D‐Printable Fluoropolymer Gas Diffusion Layers for CO2 Electroreduction." Advanced Materials 33.7 (2021): 2003855.

Cellular fluidics

Dudukovic, Nikola, et al. “Cellular fluidics.” Nature 595 (2021): 58-65.

Song, Hongtao, et al. "Development of a variable tensioning system to reduce separation force in large scale stereolithography." Additive Manufacturing 38 (2021): 101816.

Corral, Daniel, et al. "Advanced manufacturing for electrosynthesis of fuels and chemicals from CO 2." Energy & Environmental Science 14.5 (2021): 3064-3074.

Troksa, Alyssa L., et al. "3D-printed nanoporous ceramics: Tunable feedstock for direct ink write and projection microstereolithography." Materials & Design 198 (2021): 109337.

Chandrasekaran, Swetha, et al. "Carbon aerogels with integrated engineered macroporous architectures for improved mass transport." Carbon 179 (2021): 125-132.

Yao, Bin, et al. "Printing porous carbon aerogels for low temperature supercapacitors." Nano Letters 21.9 (2021): 3731-3737.

Peng, Siyuan, et al. "Additive manufacturing of three-dimensional (3D)-architected CoCrFeNiMn high-entropy alloy with great energy absorption." Scripta Materialia 190 (2021): 46-51.

Dubbin, Karen, et al. "Projection microstereolithographic microbial bioprinting for engineered biofilms." Nano Letters 21.3 (2021): 1352-1359.

Chang, Tammy, et al. "In-situ monitoring for liquid metal jetting using a millimeter-wave impedance diagnostic." Scientific reports 10.1 (2020): 1-9.

Yao, Bin, et al. "3D‐printed structure boosts the kinetics and intrinsic capacitance of pseudocapacitive graphene aerogels." Advanced Materials 32.8 (2020): 1906652.

Periodic Porous 3D Electrodes Mitigate Gas Bubble Traffic during Alkaline Water Electrolysis at High Current Densities.

Spadaccini, Christopher M. "Future perspectives on materials for two-photon polymerization." Three-Dimensional Microfabrication Using Two-Photon Polymerization. William Andrew Publishing, 2020. 671-681.

Wang, Shanwen, et al. "Cu2O/CuS nanocomposites show excellent selectivity and stability for formate generation via electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide." ACS Materials Letters 3.1 (2020): 100-109.

Kou, Tianyi, et al. "Periodic Porous 3D Electrodes Mitigate Gas Bubble Traffic during Alkaline Water Electrolysis at High Current Densities." Advanced Energy Materials 10.46 (2020): 2002955.

Mooraj, Shahryar, et al. "3D printing of metal-based materials for renewable energy applications." Nano Research 14.7 (2021): 2105-2132.

Wang, Shanwen, et al. "Recent progress in electrochemical reduction of CO2 by oxide-derived copper catalysts." Materials Today Nano 12 (2020): 100096.

Wang, Jenny, et al. "Development of the Multi-Material Inspection for Closed-Loop Rapid Optimization (MICRO) Sensor for Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing of Metal-Polymer Composite Inks." IEEE Sensors Journal 21.1 (2020): 265-272.

Weitzner, Stephen E., et al. "Toward engineering of solution microenvironments for the CO2 reduction reaction: Unraveling pH and voltage effects from a combined density-functional–continuum theory." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11.10 (2020): 4113-4118.

Mooraj, Shahryar, et al. "Three-dimensional hierarchical nanoporous copper via direct ink writing and dealloying." Scripta Materialia 177 (2020): 146-150.

Bukosky, Scott C., et al. "Correlating dynamic microstructure to observed color in electrophoretic displays via in situ small-angle x-ray scattering." Physical Review Materials 4.7 (2020): 075802.

Elton, Eric S., et al. "Dramatic effect of oxide on measured liquid metal rheology." Journal of Rheology 64.1 (2020): 119-128.

Chandrasekaran, Swetha, et al. "Additive manufacturing of graded B4C-Al cermets with complex shapes." Materials & Design 188 (2020): 108516.

Cook, Caitlyn, et al. “Additive Manufacturing: Highly Tunable Thiol-Ene Photoresins for Volumetric Additive Manufacturing.” Advanced Materials 32.47 (2020): 2003376.

Dylla-Spears, Rebecca, et al. "3D printed gradient index glass optics." Science advances 6.47 (2020): eabc7429.

Sasan, Koroush, et al. "Additive manufacturing of optical quality germania–silica glasses." ACS applied materials & interfaces 12.5 (2020): 6736-6741.

Beck, Victor A., et al. "A combined numerical and experimental study to elucidate primary breakup dynamics in liquid metal droplet-on-demand printing." Physics of Fluids 32.11 (2020): 112020.

Lee, Xian Yeow, et al. "Automated detection of part quality during two-photon lithography via deep learning." Additive Manufacturing 36 (2020): 101444.

Gaikwad, Aniruddha, et al. "Heterogeneous sensing and scientific machine learning for quality assurance in laser powder bed fusion–a single-track study." Additive Manufacturing 36 (2020): 101659.

Karnes, John J., et al. "On the network topology of cross-linked acrylate photopolymers: a molecular dynamics case study." The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 124.41 (2020): 9204-9215.

Direct Writing of Tunable Living Inks for Bioprocess Intensification.

Qian, Fang, et al. “Direct Writing of Tunable Living Inks for Bioprocess Intensification.” Nano Letters 19.9 (2019): 5829–5835

Spadaccini, Christopher M. "Ultrastrong, Ductile Ceramic Lattices Span an Order of Magnitude in Size." Matter 1.6 (2019): 1445-1446.

Spadaccini, Christopher. "Additive manufacturing and architected materials: New process developments and materials." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 146.4 (2019): 2756-2756.

Spadaccini, Christopher M. "Additive manufacturing and processing of architected materials." MRS Bulletin 44.10 (2019): 782-788.

Chen, Wen, et al. "Microscale residual stresses in additively manufactured stainless steel." Nature communications 10.1 (2019): 1-12.

Chen, Wen, et al. "Stiff isotropic lattices beyond the Maxwell criterion." Science advances 5.9 (2019): eaaw1937.

Golobic, Alexandra M., et al. "Active mixing of reactive materials for 3D printing." Advanced Engineering Materials 21.8 (2019): 1900147.

Morris, Clinton, et al. "Tunable Mechanical Metamaterial with Constrained Negative Stiffness for Improved Quasi‐Static and Dynamic Energy Dissipation." Advanced Engineering Materials 21.7 (2019): 1900163.

Zhu, Cheng, et al. "Colloidal materials for 3D printing." Annual review of chemical and biomolecular engineering 10 (2019): 17-42.

Kelly, Brett E., et al. "Volumetric additive manufacturing via tomographic reconstruction." Science 363.6431 (2019): 1075-1079.

Yao, Bin, et al. "Efficient 3D printed pseudocapacitive electrodes with ultrahigh MnO2 loading." Joule 3.2 (2019): 459-470.

Laser-Induced Keyhole Defect Dynamics during Metal Additive Manufacturing

Trembacki, Bradley, et al. "Mesoscale electrochemical performance simulation of 3d interpenetrating lithium-ion battery electrodes." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166.6 (2019): A923.

Kiss, Andrew, et al. “Laser-Induced Keyhole Defect Dynamics during Metal Additive Manufacturing.” Advanced Engineering Materials 21.10 (2019): 1970031

Trembacki, Bradley, et al. "Mesoscale electrochemical performance simulation of 3D interpenetrating lithium-ion battery electrodes." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166.6 (2019): A923.

Nguyen, Du T., et al. "3D printing of compositional gradients using the microfluidic circuit analogy." Advanced Materials Technologies 4.12 (2019): 1900784.

Karnes, John J., Nathan Villavicencio, and Ilan Benjamin. "Transfer of an erbium ion across the water/dodecane interface: Structure and thermodynamics via molecular dynamics simulations." Chemical Physics Letters 737 (2019): 136825.

Saha, Sourabh K., et al. "Scalable submicrometer additive manufacturing." Science 366.6461 (2019): 105-109.

Roehling, John D., et al. "Reducing residual stress by selective large-area diode surface heating during laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing." Additive Manufacturing 28 (2019): 228-235.

Chu, Albert, et al. "Automated detection and sorting of microencapsulation via machine learning." Lab on a Chip 19.10 (2019): 1808-1817.

Song, Yuanping, et al. "Additively manufacturable micro-mechanical logic gates." Nature communications 10.1 (2019): 1-6.

Toward digitally controlled catalyst architectures: Hierarchical nanoporous gold via 3D printing

Jackson, Julie A., et al. "Field responsive mechanical metamaterials." Science advances 4.12 (2018): eaau6419.

Zhu, Cheng, et al. "Toward digitally controlled catalyst architectures: Hierarchical nanoporous gold via 3D printing." Science advances 4.8 (2018): eaas9459.

Nygren, Richard E., et al. "Advanced manufacturing—A transformative enabling capability for fusion." Fusion Engineering and Design 136 (2018): 1007-1011.

3D-Printed, Superelastic Polypyrrole–Graphene Electrodes with Ultrahigh Areal Capacitance for Electrochemical Energy Storage.

Valdevit, Lorenzo, et al. "Architected materials: synthesis, characterization, modeling, and optimal design." Journal of Materials Research 33.3 (2018): 241-246.

Bishop-Moser, Josh, Christine Andres, and Chris Spadaccini. "A Call to Action: Manufacturing Architected Materials." (2018): 247-248.

Qi, Zhen, et al. "3D-Printed, Superelastic Polypyrrole–Graphene Electrodes with Ultrahigh Areal Capacitance for Electrochemical Energy Storage." Advanced Materials Technologies 3.7 (2018): 1800053.

Weisgraber, Todd H., et al. "A mechanical reduced order model for elastomeric 3D printed architectures." Journal of Materials Research 33.3 (2018): 309-316.

Three-dimensional carbon architectures for electrochemical capacitors

Bishop-Moser, Josh, Chris Spadaccini, and Christine Andres. Metamaterials manufacturing: Pathway to industrial competitiveness. 2018.

Chandrasekaran, Swetha, et al. "Direct ink writing of organic and carbon aerogels." Materials Horizons 5.6 (2018): 1166-1175.

Hensleigh, Ryan M., et al. "Additive manufacturing of complex micro-architected graphene aerogels." Materials Horizons 5.6 (2018): 1035-1041.

Song, Yu, et al. "Three-dimensional carbon architectures for electrochemical capacitors." Journal of colloid and interface science 509 (2018): 529-545.

Jones, Ivy Krystal, et al. "Direct ink write fabrication of transparent ceramic gain media." Optical Materials 75 (2018): 19-25.

Durban, Matthew M., et al. "Custom 3D printable silicones with tunable stiffness." Macromolecular Rapid Communications 39.4 (2018): 1700563.

Weisgraber, Todd H., et al. "A mechanical reduced order model for elastomeric 3D printed architectures." Journal of Materials Research 33.3 (2018): 309-316.

Destino, Joel F., et al. "3D printed optical quality silica and silica–titania glasses from sol–gel feedstocks." Advanced Materials Technologies 3.6 (2018): 1700323.

Dudukovic, Nikola A., et al. "Predicting nanoparticle suspension viscoelasticity for multimaterial 3D printing of silica–titania glass." ACS Applied Nano Materials 1.8 (2018): 4038-4044.

Lu, Ryan, et al. "Complex shaped boron carbides from negative additive manufacturing." Materials & Design 148 (2018): 8-16.

Mora, Jeronimo, et al. "Projection based light-directed electrophoretic deposition for additive manufacturing." Additive Manufacturing 22 (2018): 330-333.

Lu, Ryan, et al. "Negative additive manufacturing of complex shaped boron carbides." JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments) 139 (2018): e58438.

Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels

Qian, Fang, et al. “Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels. Nano Letters 17.12 (2017): 7171-7176

Shusteff, Maxim, et al. "One-step volumetric additive manufacturing of complex polymer structures." Science advances 3.12 (2017): eaao5496.

Shaw, L. A., et al. "Scanning holographic optical tweezers." Optics Letters 42.15 (2017): 2862-2865.

Zhu, Cheng, et al. "3D printed functional nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage." Nano Today 15 (2017): 107-120.

Kelly, Brett, et al. "Computed axial lithography (CAL): Toward single step 3D printing of arbitrary geometries." arXiv preprint arXiv:1705.05893 (2017).

Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structure

Leon, Juan J. Diaz, et al. “Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structure.” Advanced Optical Materials 5.13 (2017): 1700080.

Matthews, Manyalibo J., et al. "Diode-based additive manufacturing of metals using an optically-addressable light valve." Optics express 25.10 (2017): 11788-11800.

Chen, Wen, et al. "Direct metal writing: Controlling the rheology through microstructure." Applied Physics Letters 110.9 (2017): 094104.

3D‐printed transparent glass.

Lewicki, James P., et al. "3D-printing of meso-structurally ordered carbon fiber/polymer composites with unprecedented orthotropic physical properties." Scientific reports 7.1 (2017): 1-14.

“Tunable Amorphous Photonic Materials with Pigmentary Colloidal Nanostructures” – Han et al (2017)

Wu, Amanda S., et al. "3D printed silicones with shape memory." Scientific reports 7.1 (2017): 1-6.

Nguyen, Du T., et al. "3D‐printed transparent glass." Advanced Materials 29.26 (2017): 1701181.

Controlling Material Reactivity Using Architecture

C. Zhu, et al., “Controlling Material Reactivity Using Architecture.” Advanced Materials 28 (2016): 1934-1939.Wang, Qiming, et al. "Lightweight mechanical metamaterials with tunable negative thermal expansion." Physical review letters 117.17 (2016): 175901.

Stolaroff, Joshuah K., et al. "Microencapsulation of advanced solvents for carbon capture." Faraday discussions 192 (2016): 271-281.

Zheng, Xiaoyu, et al. "Multiscale metallic metamaterials." Nature materials 15.10 (2016): 1100-1106.

Hopkins, Jonathan B., et al. "Design of nonperiodic microarchitectured materials that achieve graded thermal expansions." Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics 8.5 (2016): 051010.

Ion Intercalation Induced Capacitance Improvement for Graphene‐Based Supercapacitor Electrodes

Shaw, L. A., et al. "Holographic optical assembly and photopolymerized joining of planar microspheres." Optics letters 41.15 (2016): 3571-3574.

Liu, Tianyu, et al. "Ion Intercalation Induced Capacitance Improvement for Graphene‐Based Supercapacitor Electrodes." ChemNanoMat 2.7 (2016): 635-641.

Multiscale metallic metamaterials

Smith, William, et al. “Multiscale metallic metamaterials.” Nature Materials 15 (2016): 1100-1106

Qian, Fang, et al. “Multiphase separation of copper nanowires.” Chemical Communications 78 (2016): 11627-11630

Rodriguez, Jennifer N., et al. "Shape-morphing composites with designed micro-architectures." Scientific reports 6.1 (2016): 1-10.

Supercapacitors based on three-dimensional hierarchical graphene aerogels with periodic macropores

Zhu, Cheng, et al. "Supercapacitors based on three-dimensional hierarchical graphene aerogels with periodic macropores." Nano letters 16.6 (2016): 3448-3456.

Maiti, A., et al. "3D printed cellular solid outperforms traditional stochastic foam in long-term mechanical response." Scientific reports 6.1 (2016): 1-9.

Hopkins, Jonathan B., et al. "Polytope sector-based synthesis and analysis of microstructural architectures with tunable thermal conductivity and expansion." Journal of Mechanical Design 138.5 (2016): 051401.

Sullivan, Kyle T., et al. "Controlling material reactivity using architecture." Advanced Materials 28.10 (2016): 1934-1939.

Jones, Ivy Krystal, et al. "Functionally Graded Solid-State Laser Gain Media Fabricated by Direct Ink Write and Ceramic Processing." Advanced Solid State Lasers. Optical Society of America, 2016.

Giera, Brian, et al. "Mesoscale particle-based model of electrophoresis." Journal of The Electrochemical Society 162.11 (2015): D3030.

Zhu, Cheng, et al. "Highly compressible 3D periodic graphene microlattices." Nature communications 6.1 (2015): 1-8.

Three‐dimensional printing of elastomeric, cellular architectures with negative stiffness

Vericella, John J., et al. "Encapsulated liquid sorbents for carbon dioxide capture." Nature Communications 6.1 (2015): 1-7.

Qian, Fang, et al. "On-demand and location selective particle assembly via electrophoretic deposition for fabricating structures with particle-to-particle precision." Langmuir 31.12 (2015): 3563-3568.

Giera, Brian, et al. "Mesoscale particle-based model of electrophoresis." Journal of The Electrochemical Society 162.11 (2015): D3030.

Duoss, Eric B., et al. "Three‐dimensional printing of elastomeric, cellular architectures with negative stiffness." Advanced Functional Materials 24.31 (2014): 4905-4913

Zheng, Xiaoyu, et al. "Ultralight, ultrastiff mechanical metamaterials." Science 344.6190 (2014): 1373-1377.

Light‐Directed electrophoretic deposition: a new additive manufacturing technique for arbitrarily patterned 3D composites.

Pascall, Andrew J., et al. "Light‐Directed electrophoretic deposition: a new additive manufacturing technique for arbitrarily patterned 3D composites." Advanced Materials 26.14 (2014): 2252-2256.

Sullivan, K. T., et al. "Electrophoretic deposition of thermites onto micro-engineered electrodes prepared by direct-ink writing." The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 117.6 (2013): 1686-1693.

Hopkins, Jonathan B., Kyle J. Lange, and Christopher M. Spadaccini. "Designing microstructural architectures with thermally actuated properties using freedom, actuation, and constraint topologies." Journal of Mechanical Design 135.6 (2013): 061004.

Zheng, Xiaoyu, et al. "Design and optimization of a light-emitting diode projection micro-stereolithography three-dimensional manufacturing system." Review of Scientific Instruments 83.12 (2012): 125001.

Suss, Matthew E., et al. "Capacitive desalination with flow-through electrodes." Energy & Environmental Science 5.11 (2012): 9511-9519.

Lorang, David J., et al. "Photocurable liquid core–fugitive shell printing of optical waveguides." Advanced Materials 23.43 (2011): 5055-5058.

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